Medan - City of Indonesia
Medan is the capital of the province of North Sumatra, Indonesia. Located in the northern part of the province along the coast, Medan is the third largest city in Indonesia. The city is bordered by Deli Serdang Regency to the east, south, and west, and the Strait of Malacca to the north.
INDONESIA National Animal : Komodo dragon
Medan started as a village called Kampung Medan. Kampung Medan was founded by Guru Patimpus around the 1590s. Because Kampung Medan sits on Tanah Deli, Kampung Medan is also referred as Medan-Deli. The original location of Kampung Medan is an area where the Deli River meets Babura River.
The first inhabitants of Medan came from the Batak Karo community. It was not until the Sultan of Aceh, Sultan Iskandar Muda, sent his warlord, Gocah Pahlawan Laksamana Khoja Bintan, to be the Sultanate of Aceh's representative in Tanah Deli, that the Sultanate of Deli started to grow. This growth stimulated growth in both the population and culture of Medan. In the second year reign of Sultan Deli, there was a cavalry battle in Medan.
The Dutch governed Tanah Deli from 1658, after Sultan Ismail, ruler of the Kingdom of Siak Sri Indrapura, yielded some of his once-ruled land, Deli, Langkat, and Serdang. In 1915 Medan officially became the capital of North Sumatra Province, and officially a city in 1918.
Medan is governed by a mayor, Drs. H. Abdillah Ak, MBA. Medan is divided into 21 districts and 151 subdistricts.
INDONESIA National Bird : Javan Hawk Eagle
INDONESIA National Flower : Adopted 3 national flower Melati, Moon Orchid Phalaenopsisi , Rafflesia Rafflesia arnoldi
INDONESIA National Game : Badminton