Dera (or Dehra) is a camp, while Dun or Doon is a reference to a local term used for a river valley between a smaller range (Shivaliks) and the main Himalayas, and the present town of Dehradun was founded in the early eighteenth century by 'Guru Ram Rai', the elder son of seventh Sikh Guru, Guru Har Rai, and the founder of the Udasi sect of Ascetics, who came here in 1675, and first settled in village Dhamawala which even today hosts the annual 'Jhanda Fair' on the fifth day after Holi in his memory. Thus the name refers to his Dera or settlement in the valley, and marking this settlement is a Gurudwara called 'Guru Ram Rai Darbar', built in 1699, and modelled on the tomb of Mughal Emperor Jehangir.

In Skanda Purana, Dun is mentioned as a part of the region called 'Kedar Khand', the abode of Shiva. Another belief states that Drona, the great teacher of Kauravas and Pandavas lived here, for a brief period hence the name, "Drona-nagri".

About India

India National Name :
Republic of India

National Capital : New Delhi

India Area :
Approx. 3,287,263n Sq Km (1,269,219 Sq. Mi), 2.1%-2.3% of total

India Population :
1,293,057,000 in 2016 (17.26 in total)

Ethnicity in India :
Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3% (2000)

India Languages :
English enjoys associate status but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication; Hindi is the national language and primary tongue of 30% of the people; there are 14 other official languages: Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, and Sanskrit; Hindustani is a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern India but is not an official language.

Religions in India:
Hindu 81%, Islam 13%, Christian 2%, Sikh 2% (2001)

Currency :
Indian rupee (₹) (INR) ,INR


Time Zone :
UTC+05:30 (IST)

INDIA National Animal :
Tiger

INDIA National Bird :
Peocock

INDIA National Flower :
Lotus

INDIA National Game :
Field Hockey