Estonia Longitude & Latitude
Estonia Public & National Holidays
Estonia Nationl Anthem/Song
Hotels & Restaurants in Estonia
Estonia (in Estonian, Eesti), formerly Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic, now known as the Republic of Estonia, republic in north-eastern Europe, bounded on the north by the Gulf of Finland, on the east by Russia, on the south by Latvia, and on the west by the Baltic Sea. Estonia has more than 1,500 islands; the largest, Saaremaa and Hiiumaa, separate the Gulf of Riga from the Baltic. The area of the nation is about 45,100 sq km (17,400 sq mi). Tallinn, the capital and largest city, is the nation's chief port.
Estonia Culture, Map, Flag, Tourist Places
The Estonian language belongs to the Finno-Ugric family of languages, closely related to Finnish and more distantly related to Hungarian. It is among the most difficult languages in Europe, with fourteen cases for the declension of nouns and complicated rules for their use. There are no articles, nor any grammatical gender in Estonian. Indeed, the same word is used for both "he" and "she": tema . Over the years, the language has been standardized, but many dialects and accents remain, particularly on the islands. Most of the foreign words used by Estonians come from German. Russian, Finnish, and English also have determined Estonian, particularly in the formation of slang.
The national literature had an earlier beginning, in the 1810s, with the patriotic poetry of Kristjan Jaak Peterson. In the second half of the nineteenth century, romanticism and love of nation found equal expression in the poetry of Lydia Koidula, Estonia's first woman poet and a key figure of the cultural awakening. The first Estonian song festival was organized in 1869 in Tartu, attracting some 800 participants and about 4,000 spectators. This event would become a major tradition in Estonian cultural life and was held roughly every five years. At the end of the nineteenth century, Estonian theater also got its beginnings in Tartu with the formation of the Vanemuine theater group.
During the next several years, many of Estonia's artists, poets, and writers would become involved in politics. Thirteen cultural figures were elected to the Supreme Soviet in 1990, nearly twenty to the Riigikogu, the new legislature, in 1992. Culture suffered, because of economic decline. Paper shortages in 1990 and 1991 limited the number of books and literary journals that could be published. Art supplies, in high demand, often were available only in exchange for hard currency. Still, foreign contacts opened up completely with opportunities to view new creative works and to spread Estonian culture abroad. With freedom again in hand, Estonia could look forward to another era of free cultural development in a common European home.
Russians who came to Estonia during the Soviet era have been slow to pass the citizenship exam, which involves knowledge of the Estonian language. As of 1998, about 22 % of Estonia’s residents were not Estonian citizens (about 9 % Russians, about 13 % stateless). In December 1998 the government eased citizenship regulations to allow children of stateless residents to become citizens.
The official language of the republic is Estonian, which with the Finnish language belongs to the Finno-Ugric subfamily of Uralic languages. Estonian was adopted as the state language in 1989 as part of the movement toward freedom from the Soviet Union. Members of minority ethnic groups often speak their own native languages, particularly Russian, and in some places Estonian is rarely heard.
ESTONIA National Bird : Barn Swallow
ESTONIA National Flower : Corn-flower
Estonia National Name : Republic of Estonia
National Capital : Tallinn
Estonia Area : Approx. 45,227n Sq Km (17,462 Sq. Mi), 0.03% of total
Estonia Population : 1,340,021 in 2010 (0.02% in total)
Ethnicity in Estonia : Estonian 67.9%, Russian 25.6%, Ukrainian 2.1%, Belorussian 1.3%, Finn 0.9%, other 2.2% (2000)
Estonia Languages : Estonian (official), Russian, Ukrainian, Finnish, other.
Religions in Estonia: Evangelical Lutheran 14%, Russian Orthodox 13%, other Christian (including Methodist, Seventh-Day Adventist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal) 1%, unaffiliated 34%, none 6% (2001)
Currency : Kroon ,EEK
Time Zone :