Buea - City of Cameroon
Buea is the capital of the Southwest Province of Cameroon. Buea was the colonial capital of the German Kamerun from 1901 to 1919 and the capital of the Southern Cameroons from 1949 until 1961.
The German colonial administration in Buea was temporarily suspended during the eruption of Mount Cameroon from 28 April-June 1909.
Tea growing is an important local industry, especially in Tole.
The city hosts the University of Buea, the only Anglophone university of Cameroon. The city still has a handful of colonial era buildings, notably the palatial former residence of the German governor, Jesko von Puttkamer. Other German colonial buildings are still standing, but some of them suffer from lack of maintenance and old age. About 150,000 people live in Buea . It also hosts the Nigerian Consulate in anglophone Cameroon.
Originally, Buea's population consisted mainly of the Bakweri people. However, due to its position as a university town and the provincial capital, there are a significant number of other ethnic groups.
Because of its location at the foot of Mount Cameroon, the climate in Buea tends to be humid, with the neighbourhoods at higher elevations enjoying cooler temperatures while the lower neighbourhoods experience a hotter climate. Extended periods of rainfall, characterized by incessant drizzle, which can last for weeks, are common during the rainy season as are damp fogs, rolling off the mountain into the town below.